NOSDRA Reports Nigeria Recorded 4,486 Cases Of Oil Spill From 2015 To 2021
NOSDRA Reports Nigeria Recorded 4,486 Cases Of Oil Spill From 2015 To 2021

NOSDRA Reports Nigeria Recorded 4,486 Cases Of Oil Spill From 2015 To 2021.

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NOSDRA Reports Nigeria Recorded 4,486 Cases Of Oil Spill From 2015 To 2021.

According to latest data from the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency(NOSDRA), Nigeria had a total of 4,486 occurrences of oil spill from 2015 to 2021, totaling 242,193 barrels of oil.

The discharge of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon or distillation products into the environment, particularly the marine ecology, is known as an oil spill.

According to statistics from NOSDRA’s satellite website on April 16, the reported number of oil spill cases is comparable to 38.5 million litres of crude loss, reflecting an average of around 62 cases and 3,362 barrels of oil spills every month.

The data is “updated on a continuous basis” and is based on paper records of joint investigation visits (JIVs).

The EPA expressed worry about regulatory compliance in the reporting and cleanup of oil spills by the corporations responsible, according to the agency.

Oil leaks in the country were primarily caused by sabotage, equipment failure, corrosion, and operational/maintenance errors throughout a six-year period.

Oil leaks were caused by sabotage in the largest percentage of cases. They account for 3,299 instances, or 73.54 percent of all cases, with 201,025 barrels.

Sabotage refers to the intentional demolition of crude oil pipelines in order to take the products.

Equipment failure caused the second-highest number of oil spills, accounting for 26,912 barrels from 442 incidents, or 9.85 percent, while corrosion (facility deterioration) caused 291 cases, accounting for 4,466 barrels of oil leak, or 6.49 percent.

Unstated issues accounted for 273 incidents (6.09%), maintenance errors accounted for 109 cases (2.43%), resulting in 3,733 barrels of oil spilled, and the source of 72 cases (1.6%) of oil leaks is still unknown.

According to the report, the cause of the spilling of 4,378 barrels of oil has yet to be determined, while the cause of the occurrences that resulted in the loss of 1,679 barrels of crude oil has still to be determined.

The Federal Government, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), and other oil-related entities have all been struck hard by the problem of oil theft.

Nigeria lost $3.27 billion worth of crude oil to thieves in 14 months, according to the Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) in March 2022.

Government officials visited Niger Delta villages a few weeks ago for an on-the-spot evaluation of several pipelines hit by illicit oil bunkering activities, promising to put an end to it.

If there is no political will, according to Ayodele Oni, partner and chair of Bloomfield LP’s Energy Practice Group, the efforts will be futile.

Oil spill incidents occurred 921 times in 2015, resulting in a loss of 47,714 barrels of oil, the highest within the period under review.

In 2016, 688 cases of oil spills occurred, culminating in a volume of 42,744 barrels of oil.

In 2017 and 2018, 596 and 706 cases of oil spills occurred and resulted in the spillage of 34,887 and 27,985 barrels of oil, respectively.

Oil spills occurred on 732 occasions, spewing 41,381 barrels of oil in 2019, and 455 cases were recorded in 2020 with 23,526 barrels of oil.

In 2021, companies reported 388 incidents, resulting in 23,956 barrels of oil.

The present administration had pledged to ensure compliance with policies and measures to halt the pollution of rivers and waterways in the Niger Delta and other parts of the country.

Despite the promises, oil spills have continued to threaten the sanctity of the ecosystem, especially in the Niger Delta — pervading lands, mangroves, creeks, and rivers.

According to the data, oil spills occurred in 16 states, including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), during the period under review.

The states include Abia, Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Delta, Edo, Imo, Kaduna, Kogi, Lagos, Ondo, Rivers, Bauchi, Ogun, Niger, and Zamfara.

The five-highest cases of oil spills occurred in the Niger Delta region — Rivers (1408), Bayelsa (1028), Delta (862), Akwa Ibom (305), and Imo (101) — in the six-year period.

It culminated in about 82 percent of the total oil spill incidents in the affected states. Some oil spill incidents affected multiple states, according to NOSDRA.

According to the data, about 40 oil companies recorded oil spills during the period.

Of the companies, three international oil companies (IOCs) accounted for the highest occurrences, culminating in 74.59 percent of total oil spills.

The top three oil companies include Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC), a Nigerian subsidiary of Eni, an Italian energy firm; Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC), the Nigerian subsidiary of Shell Plc; Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited (MPN), a subsidiary of ExxonMobil Corporation.

Other operators include Chevron Nigeria Limited, National Petroleum Development Company (NPDC), Eroton E&P, Heritage Energy Operational Service Limited (Heritage), Pipelines and Products Marketing Company (PPMC), Seplat Petroleum Development Company Plc, Total Exploration and Production Nigeria Ltd.

READ ALSO: NOSDRA Guideline On Reporting And Cleaning Up Oil Spills In Nigeria

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